Iran’s Kurdish Communities
Iran’s Kurdistan is situated in the west and northwest of Iran, whose majority of the population are Kurds. They live in the Western and Eastern Azerbaijan, Ilam, Kermanshah, Kurdistan, Lurestan and parts of North Khorasan and Khorasann-e-Razavi provinces. Iranian Kurds comprise more than 14% of Iran’s population and are numbered around 12 millions. The majority of Kurds reside in Kermanshah and Ilam provinces, are Shiites and some are Sunnites.
A considerable number of Shiite Kurds live in Lurestan province. The Kurds living in Khorasan are also Shiite. In Kurdistan province and parts of the Western and Eastern Azerbaijan, the Kurds are Sunnite. There is about 50,000 households Yazidi’s Amongst the Kurds. In addition, some are known as Yarsan and Ahl-e Hagh as well. The rest of the Kurds are Christians and Jews. There are no accurate data about the number of none- believers amongst Kurdish citizens. However, they are also part of the Kurdish population.
In order to achieve their rights and democracy, the Kurds have fought against oppression and suppression of the Regime, during the entire life of Islamic Republic, and have been massacred a number of times. In 1979, Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran, ordered a Jihad against the people of Kurdistan. Hundreds of thousands of the military forces attacked Kurdistan. They executed thousands in the cities of Sanandaj, Marivan, Paveh, Saghez and Mahabad. In September 1979, the military forces of the
Islamic Republic executed the whole population of a village, namely “Ghareney”. During the same month, hundreds of people were massacred from Ghalatan, Inderghash, Halabi, Sophiyan and other villages. During August 1988, after the end of the 8-year-war between Iran and Iraq, thousands of political prisoners were executed and a considerable number of them were Kurds. On 22nd February 1999, during a peaceful demonstration of people of Sanadaj city, which became known as “3rd Esfand [22 February] Uprising”, tens of people were murdered by the military forces. In 2005, there were a number of public uprisings in Kurdish cities against the suppression and oppression in Iran. This was in reaction to the murder of a young man, namely Shovaneh Seyed Ghader, from Mahabad. During this uprising, which was peaceful to begin with and the military forces made it violent; [as a result] tens of people were killed in the streets of Kurdistan.