Speech by Mr. Pshko Khosrawi, 10 June 2015 EU Parliament
Greetings to you all!I am attending this gathering on behalf of the Komaleh Party of Iranian Kurdistan and I thank you for your invitation.
Iranian Kurdistan has a population of 10 million and is situated in the provinces of Kurdistan, west Azerbaijan, Kermanshah and Ilaam. This is one of the regions oppressed and discriminated by the Islamic Republic State. In the past 36 years, the major official policy of the state in this region has been: bloody oppressions; political executions; imprisonments and political deprivation and intentional economical backwardness. As a direct result, instead of having political development, sustaining economical development and the establishment of a democratic environment, the Islamic dictatorship is still stifling any kind of recognition of the rights of the Kurdish nationality and their freedom in political, economical and social spheres. The political deprivation not only has resulted in the legal banning of the main political parties in Iran’s Kurdistan and labelling them as combatants (MOHAREB), but also stops them from participating in the decision makings at the top layer of state-wide management. At the same time, the main policy of the state in this region embraces the political obstructions, suppressions and executions.
Massacres and executions in Iran’s Kurdistan started since the inception of the establishment of the Islamic Republic and Kurdistan is still the only part of Iran that political executions are taken place in. One of the human catastrophes of war on Kurdistan is the massacre of the innocent people of the “Gharenaa” and “Ghalataan” villages. On 2 September 1979, at 1 pm, an army division of the newly formed government, armed with tanks and canons, attacked the Gharenaa and massacred the villagers. Mass executions has been one of the features of the political executions in Kurdistan. The most well known case is the execution of 59 youths in Mehabaad on 2 June 1984, where they were executed together, at the same time. The executions are still continuing in the recent years in Iran’s Kurdistan. In particular, it has been very much increased during the presidency of the government of “expediency and hope” of Hassan Roohani. At present, there are about 400 Kurdish political prisoners enslaved in Iran’s prisons and 70 of them are under the threat of being executed. These youths will be executed and the rest of their families, merely for being a family member, are deprived of occupational, higher education and social life opportunities.
As far as the economics and the income in Iran’s Kurdistan is concerned, according to the official statements of the government, the average income in Kurdistan province is half of the rest of the country. It further states that the level of unemployment has reached 28%. According to the latest report of the Office of Statistics, the rate of unemployment in the country for autumn 2014, Kurdistan is in the fifth rank with 11.1% unemployment and Kermanshah, the other Kurdish dwelling province, is ranked first with 15.3% unemployment. According to the governmental officials themselves, an economy based on agriculture and industry, in another word the main infrastructure of the economy, due to state policies in nearly four decades, Iran’s Kurdistan is in a very weak position. Albeit that most of the industrial units in Kurdistan are small, however 50% of these industrial units are either closed or semi-closed. Unemployment, as a result of this situation, in particular for economically deprived provinces such as Kurdistan, has always been one of the major problems. Despite all the government’s economical promises, the situation is in no way any better than before. In such situation, a noteworthy section of the youths and employment seekers in Kurdistan, with a large number of them being highly educated, are moving to industrial centres of the country as well migrating to Iraqi Kurdistan. These border traders are routinely being fired up on by the army border forces of the Islamic Republic and on average 3 to 7 people lose their lives daily for trying to feed their families. There is also an organised plan, since many years ago, to addict the young men and women of Kurdistan. Everybody has heard the words of the governor of Kurdistan a few years ago, who said: “in order to stop the youths to join the ranks of Komaleh Party and Democrat Party, we should swap opium smoker’s pipe in their hands instead of guns”.
As well as the sufferings from the national oppression, one must add the discrimination and lack of rights that is inflicted up on the whole population of the country in general and imagine what it means to be a Kurdish, a Balouchi or an Arab in Islamic Regime of Iran. It manifests itself in all aspect of personal and social life and one has to pay the price on a daily basis for this “cardinal sin”.
Dear respected participants, representatives of the European Union and human rights institutions and commissions, I wish to take this opportunity to talk to you as the representative of the Komaleh Party and in support of the human rights that is denied to the Kurdish people in Iran to reemphasise that the Kurdish people in Iran’s Kurdistan, despite enduring all the hardships and oppressions, have always relied on the peaceful political and civil campaign and has never resorted to violence, terrorism, extremism or fundamentalism in their movement to fight for their rights. Not only that, but this movement has been one of the first victims of the governmental and state violence and terrorism at home and abroad.
We urge you to put pressure on Iranian state and officials, in line with your rules and regulations, working principals and your special duties and responsibilities against the oppression and suppression in Iran’s Kurdistan. We implore you not to allow the question of the international human rights in this region become an unimportant appendage of the dealings and question of “atomic dossier” or the diplomatic relations with the Iranian Regime. Every one of these problems has its own place and importance, however sacrificing any one of these problems shall cause problems for other problems as well.
We are seeking for the diligent implementation of the international convention on human rights, which is an international accomplishment of the peace-loving modern world. And further, we expect you to provide and furnish such situation by which we can convey the voice of the freedom-seeking and peace-loving people of Kurdistan and the Kurdish movement to all international centres. We live and hope that we are assisted in this endeavour.
Thank you for your attention.
Komaleh Party of Iranian Kurdistan
10 June 2015